Employment, population, housing … As usual, INSEE publishes detailed figures portraying France. But this year, for the first time, the Institute takes into account the new division of territories, with the thirteen regions officially come into effect in 2016. One element is obvious: the differences from one area to another are significantly less marked than before. Illustration of five cards.
A (again) There are a few months, Libération had his own cards, demographics to football performance.
In terms of population, it is obvious: the thirteen regions that are much more homogeneous forward. “None of continental regions is less than 2 million inhabitants” , written INSEE. The Ile-de-France is still stark contrast grouping alone nearly 12 million people, now followed by the Rhône-Alpes Auvergne and its 7.6 million inhabitants.
On Then five medium-sized areas, between 5 and 6 million. The age of the population is more homogeneous than before on the territories. The regions whose populations are older merged with younger regions. For example, with Auvergne Rhône-Alpes. Or Poitou-Charente Limousin with Aquitaine. That said, all regional disparities are still not erased. North and East are younger than the South and West
The differences also fade if we stick to the economic aspects. A larger number of regions has an intermediate economic weight around 7% of national GDP. The difference between the highest and lowest regional GDP is reduced in the new configuration. The Centre-Val-de-Loire, with 3.3% of the national GDP of the pack (excluding Corsica), whereas in the current division is the Limousin, which represents 0.8% of GDP France.
In twenty years, from 1990 to 2012, the GDP of metropolitan France increased by 1 6% on average. Champagne-Ardenne Alsace-Lorraine, Burgundy and Franche-Comté and Centre-Val-de-Loire do not shine, with growth around 0.8% so far below the average. La Paca and Ile-de-France in much better thanks to the dynamism of emerging market services. As for Britain, “it was less affected until the 2008-2009 crisis, by lower industry performance” , according to INSEE.
What are the Loire Valley and the new set Languedoc-Roussillon Midi-Pyrénées that record the most dynamic growth (+ 2.1% on average per year in both cases). For different reasons, advance INSEE growth in the current Languedoc-Roussillon “corresponds to a catch-up process driven by strong population growth, while the Midi-Pyrénées benefited from strong engines sectors such as aeronautics and market services. “
Clarification, to understand. The poverty rate measures the share of households that have a lower standard of living in poverty, set for the Year 2011 to 1004 euros for a single person. The poverty line varies indeed from one year to another, it represents 60% of the median, which divides the population into two equal parts.
If you look at the map of the new areas, appears that the proportion of the number of people living below the poverty line is higher in the South East and the North (from 16.4% to 19.2%). Brittany and the Loire Valley are relatively less affected: less than 12% of them live below the poverty line
Again, the card owner is quite homogeneous. Not surprisingly, it is in the Ile-de-France, where population pressure is the highest, which has the lowest share of homeowners. In the social housing stock, almost all of the units are collective in Ile-de-France. Four units in ten individual dwellings in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Picardie. If you look across the country, 51% of households in cities are homeowners. For comparison, the average is 55% in European cities.