What will remain of the constitutional reform? Perhaps more little or nothing. The Senate on Thursday passed the entrenchment of deprivation of nationality for terrorists, but by limiting the binational and excluding offenses. This is for the Senate majority right not to cross the “red line”: the creation of stateless persons. Bruno Retailleau, president of LR group defends its position by referring to the speech made by François Hollande, at the Congress of Versailles on 16 November. Binational were then covered (see video above).
This text differs from that adopted by MEPs. In the National Assembly, a compromise was reached between the government and the PS deputies. They refused to target binational – as yet provided the first draft of the executive – in the name of equality between French. The forfeiture was amended to apply to everyone, without distinction between mono or dual nationals. To satisfy Republicans, offenses were added to the crimes. It was a request of Nicolas Sarkozy.
The differences between the two assemblies are heavy with consequence. For a revision of the constitution, National Assembly and Senate must vote the text in the same terms, to the last comma. This is the prerequisite for the convening of the Congress, which brings together MPs and senators. Then you need the draft revision is adopted by a majority of 3/5 of the votes cast.
Holland reserves its “conclusions”
In other words, if the Lower House and Upper House standing their ground, forfeiture fall into oblivion parliamentary debates. The shuttle between the two assemblies is not theoretically limit for a revision of the Constitution. But if no compromise emerges, only François Hollande may decide to stop spending. “I will wait until the Senate decides on all the text to know the conclusions that I have drawn,” said the head of state on Thursday on the sidelines of an EU summit in Brussels. The formal vote on the entire text is expected Tuesday in the Upper House.
Asked yesterday by Public Sénat, Manuel Valls acknowledged that “we are far” from an agreement. But officially, it does not bury the reform. “I hope the views will be closer,” said the Prime Minister.
After the tone causing Wednesday against the Senate, Manuel Valls wanted to cut corners Thursday session. “The road to the National Assembly will be difficult, I hope not impossible,” he blurted out, however, noting that “the debate will extend eternally.”
Senate and Assembly will return the ball on the responsibility of the announced failure
Everyone is passing the buck on the responsibility of the announced failure. In the broadcast Territories Info on Public Sénat and Radio South, the boss of the PS deputies, Bruno Le Roux, denounced “a double error Senate. The first mistake is not to seek consensus, not to try to duplicate what we have done in the National Assembly (with) a majority of 3 / 5th sticking the left, “” the second error to make a difference between terrorists. ” Look:
Or ask the Senate to match the Assembly, senators do not support. They point out, rightly, that in constitutional matters, the two chambers are equal, unlike ordinary laws where members have the final say.
Bruno Retailleau Manuel Valls replied that “a attempted to enclose the Senate into caricature. The maneuver was rude but the Senate is not the adjustment variable of little arrangements the PS. (…) The Senate majority is not accounting divisions in the National Assembly that led to reject the commitment of the President of the Republic. “
After the final review stage in the Senate next Tuesday, a summit will be held. “After this vote, we need the President of the Assembly, the President of the Senate, the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister meet to see how we can move forward together” announced on Public Sénat Manuel Valls. A super CMP, this joint committee that 7 deputies and 7 senators usually try to find a compromise on the bills … or find their disagreement.
Three solutions for Francois Hollande
It will then remain three solutions to François Hollande: either stop any; either withdraw the forfeiture of the reform to retain only Article 1 of the state of emergency, which divides much less, and add the reform of the Supreme Judicial Council, passed in the Senate in 2013 and to be discussed the Assembly on 5 April. Is one more solution: try to adopt the constitutional reform referendum, the alternative route. But it would go on an adventure. The head of state would not take the risk to organize a consultation which would turn against him, anti pro referendum or Holland.
The second solution seems to hold the rope, although yesterday, Manuel Valls is “refusal (have)” for the time to consider it. But in socialist ranks, his rating goes up. PS Senator Jean-Pierre Sueur imagined yesterday during the debate, “there will be a Congress with what brings us together, the entrenchment of the state of emergency, and what should bring us together, independence parquet “. He was one of 33 senators who signed an amendment to delete the forfeiture. After the divisions within the Socialist Party, a Congress without forfeiture would suit many people.