The debate on the feminization of political office rebounded Monday after the sanction of a UMP for calling the session chair “Madam President.” What are the rules in force in the Assembly? What does the French Academy? Le Figaro an update.
• “Madam President or (e),” “the or MP (e) “the rules of the Assembly said?
The subject returned to the table Monday night when the UMP Julien Aubert shouted the session chair, Sandrine Mazetier, beginning his remarks with “Madam President.” Three words that have boosted the interest. It was quick to remind the parliamentary payable for not feminized function, with an entry in the minutes. Result: The elected will be deprived of a quarter of his parliamentary allowance for a month, or 1,378 euros. In pronouncing the sentence, Sandrine Mazetier did nothing other than to rely on the rules of the National Assembly. A statement from the office of the Palais Bourbon, made in 1998 and reiterated in 2000, requires feminize the positions held by women in the Assembly. Within the walls of the chamber, we must say “Honourable member” or “Madam President” (commission, meeting, etc.). This rule does not apply however to departmental functions. Julien Aubert was able to continue to say “the minister” about Ségolène Royal, without the risk of his penalty double.
• In his defense, the UMP elected fled behind the French Academy. Rightly
The French Academy is against the feminization of functions. On her website, she regretted that more and more names of professions, functions, ranks or titles have been feminized in recent years. For its members, male gender was a “collective value and generic”, which makes it unnecessary to use the female gender in some cases. “There is no need to designate a group of people composed of men and women, to repeat the same noun or pronoun in the same feminine and masculine,” explains particular institution. Who goes: “Only the male gender, which is the kind unmarked (it does have the ability to represent the elements and under one of the other kind), can translate the undifferentiated nature of qualifications, degrees, honors and functions. The signet terms, Officer (such order), MP, senator, etc., should not be used. ” In other words, the French Academy, the function in politics can not be identified to the person who occupies it.
According to the linguist Bernard Cerquiglini, Rector of the Agence universitaire de la francophonie, “the use of the Academy returns to feminize names of professions, but to keep the most prestigious men” as appointments in the Cabinet. An “obsolete” standard according to him, but that “hangs the French Academy,” contrary to “the National Assembly chose the feminization, as is customary.”
• A disproportionate sanction
While many voices have been raised to the right against the “disproportionate” punishment Julien Aubert, said that the settlement of Assembly? “Is called to order with entry in the record any Member who, in the same meeting, incurred a first call to order,” says Article 71, paragraph 4 This was the case of the elected Vaucluse, repeatedly warned by the President of Socialist meeting. Paragraph 5 of the same article, “is called to order with entry in the record any member who engages in a challenge personal, that calls another member or to address one or more of his colleagues insults, provocations or threats. ” In this matter, we can say that Julien Aubert is a repeat offender because he had already been in trouble with Sandrine Mazetier on this subject in January 2014 Finally, paragraph 6 states that “the call to order with entry in Minutes shall automatically involve deprivation for a month, a quarter of the allowance allocated to the members. ”
A new sanction, according to Bernard Cerquiglini, who has not memories of such cases in the past, although the quarrels about that are commonplace in the Assembly. “Julien Aubert, however, has not been punished for forgetting a past participle, but rather a social issue, says the linguist, recalling he addressed including Ségolène Royal,” who issued a circular on the feminization trades when she was Minister for School Education. “
• Feminization abroad?
In Francophone countries like Belgium, Switzerland and Quebec, the feminization of professions and functions largely become the norm. “It started in Quebec. By the early 90s, women already had as ‘writers’ “recalls the specialist French language, Bernard Cerquiglini. “We did not encounter any of the same debates here. The history of our language is a matter of dispute. ” In Belgium, the situation is rather peaceful for over ten years. The Belgian Academy published a text in favor of feminization in the late 90s