The Constitutional Council validated the law Thursday, August 13 on “energy transition to green growth ‘, which sets targets for reducing the share of nuclear in electricity production and consumption of fossil fuels.
However, Council members censored three articles, including those on energy renovation of residential buildings and the reduction of greenhouse gases in supermarkets and several provisions on food waste.
Hollande and Royal welcome
The institution was pronounced after the referral of more than sixty deputies and as many senators on an iconic text of Francois Hollande taking over the five years Topics discussed at length during the national debate on energy transition.
The bill was finally adopted by MEPs on 22 July. This text carried by the Minister for Ecology, Segolene Royal, including translates the promise of Francois Hollande to reduce from 75% to 50% the share of nuclear in electricity production in 2025.
“France with the law is fully in the energy change of the new century” , stressed the head of state Francois Hollande in a statement in the night from Thursday to Friday by the Elysée services. In a statement to AFP from Gaborone in Botswana, Segolene Royal has meanwhile welcomed “the culmination of a year’s work” and the fact that this law was “set a clear framework for companies wishing to invest in green growth” .
Several ambitious long-term targets have been set, drawing more than sixty items for mid-century a system more sober, more durable and less nuclear-energy: 40% reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases by 2030 (compared to 1990) and division by four in 2050; halving of final energy consumption in 2050, with a first level of 20% in 2030; decline in the share of fossil fuels by 30% by the same date; promoting renewable to 32% of energy consumption and 40% of electricity production on the same date.
The paragraphs concerning censored food waste
To achieve the objectives, articles include actions in the areas of housing (renovation, smart meters, etc.), transport (7 million installing charging stations for electric cars, conversion premium, etc.), renewable energy (heat fund, biogas, etc.), waste recycling (prohibition of plastic bags for single use, reduce landfill volumes, etc.)
For reasons procedure, the Constitutional Council censored paragraphs regarding food waste which provided that large areas would no longer have the right to throw food. The article on energy renovation of buildings was censored on the grounds that the legislator “had not sufficiently defined the conditions and modalities of achieving” possible ownership.
As for the food waste, the Minister for Ecology and Energy, has announced plans to quickly bring together representatives of large retailers to offer to their “of voluntary and contractual basis than projected law “ and was retoqué by the Constitutional Council