“radicalization. “This terrible word entered the common vocabulary in less than a year, as in reaction to the horror of the attacks in France and Belgium in 2015 and 2016. It is improper because it is not a question to brainwashing in hardened terrorists. Faced with an Islamist terrorism able to take in its destructive fury petty criminals or religious extremists, it is to seek to support these people and prevent the radicalization of others.
L prison authorities had launched this reflection before the attacks of Charlie Hebdo and Hypercacher in January 2015. It has since gained very significant ways. To evaluate these radicalization prevention policies and budgets that are devoted to it, the Minister of Justice Thursday, July 7 installs a “steering committee”. Jean-Jacques Urvoas should also be by the beginning of September a scientific committee to support the exploration of the subject.
“Everyone fumbles, it is impossible to measure the effectiveness of programs launched “ says Guillaume Denoix de Saint Marc, CEO and spokesman of the French Association of victims of terrorism. But, he insists, “one thing is certain, if we do nothing, we know that leaves left to their own people who are potential suicide bombers.” Without waiting scientific back on what has been done, a care for inmates identified as being radicalized or of being will be deployed after the summer in 27 prisons called sensitive. “There are now in prisons 1400 radicals which 300 are related to terrorism and 100 are convicts,” a detailed Mr. Urvoas, June 15, at the National Assembly .
“More harm than good”
Meanwhile, the Comptroller General of places of deprivation of liberty issued Wednesday, July 6 new report on the consolidation of radical Islamist detainees in specialized units. The Adeline Hazan teams this time visited the five specific units started between January and March in the prison of Fresnes (Val-de-Marne), Fleury-Merogis (Essonne), Osny (Val-d’Oise) and Lille Annœullin (North). The report is more measured than June 30, 2015 in which M me Hazan denounced choose “potentially dangerous,” but nevertheless concludes that the device “present more disadvantages than advantages “.
the Comptroller General of places of deprivation of liberty wonders ” on the merits of this type of rally organized by Directors for people pursuing justice for criminal conspiracy. Also, it may seem paradoxical to organize a reunion knowing full well that it is not waterproof. “ Contact with other prisoners are still possible although they are kept in individual cells. The comptroller of prisons met 61 of the 64 detainees who were in April in these specific units. Several clearly does not know why they had been transferred there.
On the side of the prison administration, it is estimated the contrary that with the rise of these five units (which have 117 seats) methods are refined. First in the evaluation of radicalization, conducted in Fresnes and in Fleury-Merogis by multidisciplinary teams (supervisors, psychologists, educators). “We now manage to outwit the concealment strategies,” provides an official of the prison. Especially because the Crusaders interviews over the term used to “detect non-genuine discourse.”
Consequence these evaluations scheduled to last eight weeks are actually four to five months. Just over half of prisoners and assessed were sent care unit. Often young people who wanted to go to Syria or went without that we know what they did there there. Some, considered too dangerous and hardened, will be distributed to detention centers to be kept in isolation
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The current system only a small number key. Conceived initially to also address the “common rights” identified as being radicalized or being, specific units are concerned is far and convicted or inmates indicted for terrorism-related cases . Other public will be affected by the declination of prevention programs in 27 institutions.
detection grids (which take into account the practice of religion, proselytizing, behavior with other prisoners, etc.) tested since spring in thirty prisons by prison staff (supervisors and rehabilitation and probation counselors) will be evaluated this summer to be corrected and disseminated to all prisons by the end of the year.
Unlike the specific units, the principle will be “promote the dispersion of the people concerned in the various sectors of the institution,” is an internal draft circular of prison administration. These detainees should be monitored and all comments will be recorded daily in the Genesis software in particular to avoid losing information when prison transfer. Above all, this draft circular details the prevention tools. A palette of citizenship courses, conferences and debates on violence, religion, geopolitics is thus proposed. More structured programs around the disengagement of violence to groups of six to ten detainees will be held for three months. Unlike the specific units, these programs are voluntary prisoners.
“The only way to prevent a person enters or retreats into radicalism is to make think “ argues Mr. Denoix de Saint Marc. The mobilization against radicalization leads the prison to try to do what should have always been his concern, make them think better prepare inmates for their release.