Monday, November 7, 2016

Axelle Lemaire and Bernard Cazeneuve clash on the file YOUR – The Figaro

The national digital Council request the suspension of the device, was criticised by the defenders of the liberties online.

the creation of The file containing the personal data of French (sex, eye color, height, photo, fingerprints, parentage, nationality…) creates a stir within the government. The secretary of State Digital, Axelle Lemaire, rose up Monday 7 novembredans Opinion not to have been consulted prior to the implementation of a file to “electronic titles” secure information systems ” (TES), calling it “a major failure” the measure according to it was “soft” by his own government. On the same day, the national digital Council (CNNum), a consultative body whose members are appointed by the president of the Republic, has openly called on the government to “suspend” the introduction of this file. He also deplores the lack of prior consultation and the risk of “excesses also likely to be unacceptable” created by this device.

Bernard Cazeneuve, minister of the Interior, responded in a letter to the president of CNNum ensuring that “the draft decree has followed the steps of the interdepartmental working and that there has been a debate”. He considers that all the ministers concerned have been informed.

In appearance, the stated objective of the decree was, however, nothing so controversial as it is intended to simplify procedures for obtaining and renewing identity documents, as well as to avoid document fraud. But in a context of prolonged State of emergency and measures taken against terrorism, this file YOUR may also be subject to the legal requisitions or the use by the specialized services of information. They will have access to information as sensitive as biometric data of the citizens, but also the names, nationalities, dates and places of birth of their parents, whether they were or not suspected of”crimes against the fundamental interests of the nation and acts of terrorism.”

For François Fillon, the only candidate in the primary for the right to be raised in this regard, the collection of such an amount of information is necessary “if one wants to be effective in the fight against terrorism, delinquency, theft of papers,” he said on France Inter. Under his tenure as prime minister in 2012, the implementation of a file YOUR had been able to reach. The constitutional Council had partially censored his proposal for reasons including those related to the right to privacy, while the socialist opposition was also strongly engaged.

The reversal of the socialist government has pushed the garde des Sceaux, Jean-Jacques Urvoas, a contortionist. The opposite four years ago to the creation of a file of law-abiding people,” he said last Wednesday on Facebook that the new decree had “no provision comparable to those censored at the time” of François Fillon. The minister of Justice defends the fact that national Commission for computing and liberties (Cnil), input on the draft decree, has indicated that the purposes of the processing YOUR are “specified, explicit and legitimate”. The argument has been taken up by Bernard Cazeneuve at the national Assembly.

Without challenge the legality of the creation of the file, the Cnil, however, has expressed serious reservations, considering that “the issues raised by the implementation of a treatment involving particularly sensitive data (…) would have deserved a real impact study and the organisation of a parliamentary debate”. The Authority has also expressed its concern over the protection of the rights and freedoms of citizens. The concern is shared by many actors of the digital.

on 5 November, The pirate Party has launched an online petition, collecting the signatures of mps EELV Isabelle Attard and Sergio Coronado. The defenders of digital freedom had already fought last year against the law information, in trying to convince public opinion not to waive his right to private life in favour of greater security. If the text has been adopted, opponents have achieved a victory last month, with the censorship by the constitutional Council of a provision on the monitoring of communications hertztiennes.


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