After Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, the question of reviving this organization created in 2005 by Dominique de Villepin, inter alia, manage the funding of mosques, returns to the front of the stage . Le Figaro tells the origin of this organization, which observers agree that he failed, and goals.
Manuel Valls and Bernard Cazeneuve announced after the attack in Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray, reviving the works of the Foundation for Islam in France which should be released in October. After 10 years of failure, the interior minister confirmed Monday the new version of this structure that will have the difficult task of finding a solution to the financing needs of the Muslim Faith (building mosques, imams training). This revival of the foundation is part of a global reflection on the organization of Islam in France, requested by Prime Minister Manuel Valls.
• A foundation created 2005 by Dominique de Villepin
Established for over 10 years, is to the Foundation to raise funds both to finance academic and cultural programs to better understand the Islam in France, but also to finance the construction of mosques. But the foundation “has malfunctioned since birth,” summed up the end of January a senior official at a hearing before a Senate task. The representative body is experiencing internal strife, the result of rivalry between federations of mosques linked to source countries (Algeria, Morocco and Turkey). For nearly 10 years, the foundation has virtually been forgotten.
• Why do you want to restart now?
The revival of this foundation, to be called “Foundation of Islam of France”, is under consideration for the bombings Charlie Hebdo in January 2015. A preparatory mission had also been entrusted to Christian Poncet, a senior official of the Interior Ministry. But it was delayed before being raised again by Prime Minister Manuel Valls, Le Journal du Dimanche , following the attacks of Nice and Saint-Étienne-du Rouvray.
• What are the contours of the Foundation?
This is where the question thickens. The main aim of this foundation will be to manage the funding of mosques and the training of imams. But, under the 1905 law on the separation of church and state, a foundation created by the Government can not intervene on these issues. Hence the need for “a religious association is backed him, we do not have other opportunities in the current law” does one slips in the entourage of Bernard Cazeneuve “.
• Who to direct it?
The President of the Republic, François Hollande spoke informally on Tuesday the name of former minister and chairman of the Citizens Movement, Chevènement. Laurence Rossignol, Minister of Women’s Rights, she pleads for a woman to take the head of the Foundation. “I think it would be good for a woman to confront the texts, culture, life, the lives of Muslim women can also wear this dimension of equality man-woman, which is a modern and republican dimension that must aujourd ‘hui concern all religions, “said she said.
• Other options to fund the cult?
The CFCM has presented other tracks. Its president Anwar Kbibech hopes to launch, “upon re-entry,” a royalty on halal, that is not a tax levied by the State, the French legislation does not allow it, but a service rendered to contribution collected by Muslim bodies , from an industry valued at more than 5 billion euros per year. A track supported by some politicians, right and left. The primary candidate of the right, Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet, had already proposed in 2015 to levy a tax on the halal market. A view shared by the president of the Modem, Francois Bayrou, or the deputy PS, Benoît Hamon.
Another solution: a levy on the pilgrimage to Mecca, the hajj. “There are about 30,000 pilgrims from France each year, including travel costs range from 4000-9000 euros. The fact of adding 10 or 20 euros per stay as worship funding contribution should be painless for pilgrims, transparent for agencies and operators of the pilgrimage, and to allow the CFCM and the Muslim faith to have the means of their operation ” believes Anwar Kbibech.