WEATHER / VIDEO – An episode of very hot weather is expected until Friday. Temperatures above 35 ° C are provided on the three-quarters of the country with peaks at 40 ° C in the southwest, before a relapse this weekend.
orange alert heatwave in France, announced The Weather Channel *. After a hot Monday in the Southwest and up to 39 ° C of Bordeaux on Tuesday in very hot weather is expected this Wednesday until the end of the week. Twenty-two departments were placed on orange alert until Friday, 18 hours in the country’s center and the Île-de-France (Allier, Aube, Cher, Creuse, Eure-et-Loir, Indre, Indre -et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Maine-et-Loire, Nièvre, Sarthe, Paris, Seine-et-Marne, Yvelines, Vienna, Haute-Vienne, Yonne, Essonne, Hauts-de-Seine, Seine -Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne).
The temperatures “will remain very high for both day and night for 72 hours,” says the site. In the departments placed in orange alert, the minimum “does not sag below 20 ° C at night, especially in large cities, and the maximum display between 34 and 37 ° C in the afternoon.” The heat will be less intense in the other 32 departments placed on yellow alert.
Wednesday, although temperatures will stabilize in the West, they could continue to increase in parts of central France, Île-de-France and in the East. The bar will be 35 ° C and reached or exceeded in all departments placed on alert. Especially in large cities, the minimum temperatures do not sag below 20 ° C at night.
This episode, more extensive and longer lasting than those of August 15 and 19 July this year, will end this weekend, with the direction of flow westerly bringing a cooler ocean air.
The temperatures are expected to fall on Thursday off the coast of west when they win again one to three degrees in other regions. Peaks at 37 ° C are expected in Île-de-France, Centre Loire, Auvergne, Burgundy and Champagne-Ardenne.
Friday, “the drop in temperatures will win the northwest of the country while the heat will remain in the central regions and intensify in the east with values above 35 ° C. “the drop will spread this weekend where the ocean air will invade the country.
the heat wave plan triggered
Set up in 2004 following the summer 2003, the heat wave plan is based on the vigilance of card managed by Météo-France. It is intended to inform and implement actions to protect people at risk in case of hot weather. Tuesday night, he was at his orange level in eleven departments (until Wednesday, 16h):
Level 1 (green, seasonal standby): it is’ a level of seasonal eve of weather conditions and temperatures to detect the arrival of a possible heat wave. This watch is provided by Météo-France, the Institut de Veille Sanitaire (InVS) and the General Directorate for Health (DGS). This level is set each year between June 1 and August 31 (or longer if the September temperatures warrant). The telephone platform “service info heat wave” is available at 0.800.06.66.66 (free call from a landline) Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 20 hours.
level 2 (yellow warning heat): it is a “warning heat,” if significant probability of transition to the next level in the following days. Services are preparing to strengthen their communication at the local level about a possible heat wave
3 (orange alert heatwave.): if orange signal on the map vigilance, the prefects of the departments concerned can trigger this level 3. the heatwave alert has a local dimension, taking into account several factors: the level of pollution, population-factors such large gatherings and health indicators related regional agencies health (ARS). The prefect shall then take all the measures of the Management Plan of a county heatwave (GCD) responsible for their department. Everything is then implemented by the territorial actors in communication: hydration, sheltering from the heat. The “blue plan” adapted to the elderly and disabled can be triggered. Nursing Home Services (SSIAD) are mobilized, as well as assistance and support to home services (SAAD). Each mayor also take the measures it provides in communal registers to help people in difficulty or homeless.
Level 4 (red, maximum mobilization) : “maximum mobilization” is to be initiated at national level on the Premier instruction. In this case, the heat wave is compounded by other factors, shortage of drinking water, saturation of health facilities or forest fires. Level 4 allows especially to use additional resources, civilian or military, if necessary. An interministerial crisis cell (CIC) is even open to the ministries concerned with this heat. But to date, it has never been triggered.
* The Weather Channel is a company of Groupe Figaro.