about THE SCAN POLICY – In a report, the association Transparency France welcomes the safeguards put in place after the various cases that have hit the top of the State, but stresses the high level of distrust that persists among citizens.
a few weeks of the start of the campaign for the presidential election of 2017, the association for the fight against corruption Transparency International was invited in the debate. As revealed by France Info, its French branch, published on Monday its report on the mandate, which concludes and provides some recommendations for the next presidency. The quinquennium of Francois Hollande has certainly been marked by high-profile scandals, such as that of former Budget minister Jérôme Cahuzac sentenced for tax fraud. But these “affairs” have led the government to take a series of measures that have helped to change a little bit the gives, is the resulting organization of the civil society. However, these advances do not seem to do anything: according to a poll by Harris Interractive, 54% of the French surveyed said that people “who exercise significant responsibilities or who has the power” are corrupt.
Transparency therefore welcomes the leader of a “change of culture” in France, notably marked by the creation of the High authority for transparency in public life, an organization that passes the comb through the heritage of the elect, and who scrutinizes the risk of conflicts of interest. Minister responsible for the Francophonie, Yamina Benguigui had made the charges in the spring of 2014. The other legacy of the scandal Cahuzac remains the parquet national financier dedicated to tax evasion. These two devices have been accompanied by a hardening of the sanctions imposed in cases of economic crime. The association also welcomes the limitation of the cumulation of mandates, which will become the party rule of 2017, and that reduces according to her patronage. Also stressed, the Sapin Law II, which refers to corruption in business, to clarify the status of whistleblower, or establishes more transparency in the lobbying activities in the policy.
These few markers positive, however, should not overshadow the long road still to go, according to Transparency. The association believes that the weight of the lobbyists in the manufactures of the law is still too important: it recommends “expanding the definition of interest representatives to all organizations that seek to influence public decision-making, whether they are public or private”, and to ensure their systematic recording. Moreover, the limitation in the time for three successive mandates and the implementation of a plan of corruption prevention in local communities is also required. A way to ward off the spectre of the case of Kader Arif, close to president Hollande dismissed secretariat of State for veterans in November 2014 on suspicion of favoritism in particular.
Transparency further advocated for increased citizen control, with the introduction of a “right to petition national to allow citizens to place questions and / or proposals to the agenda of parliamentary Assemblies”, and the possibility offered to the “citizens and stakeholders” see “the projects and proposals of law prior to their consideration by the Parliament”.
Finally, the association calls for “the publication by parliament of the expenditure taken in charge by their allowances representing costs of mandate (IRFM), as well as “the publication and control of monthly expenditure of candidates and political parties during the period of presidential election”. She still wishes that every candidate at an election by universal suffrage can produce a clean criminal record, and that the tax status of ministers, senior government officials and officials appointed by the council of ministers, to be investigated prior to their appointment. A way to avoid disappointments, such as that caused by the case of Thomas Thévenoud, a short-lived secretary of State sanctioned for its late payments to the public Treasury.