A report released Tuesday to Myriam El Khomri shows that the professional integration of people under 25 years of age is more complicated than elsewhere in Europe.
The fact is hard. An activity rate is low, a ” surchômage “ persistent, a high proportion of dropouts : the situation of young people on the labour market is generally degraded and their professional integration is more complicated in France than elsewhere in Europe. This is what reveals a report released Tuesday, January 24, the minister of labour, Myriam El Khomri.
This document, ” diagnostics “ has been developed by France Strategy, organization, reflection attached to Matignon, and the Dares, the statistics department of the ministry of labour, in consultation with the trade unions of workers and unions leaders, as well as four students ‘ unions (FAGE, YCW, MRJC and UNEF), at the end of a consultation on the professional integration of young people launched by Mme El Khomri in September 2016.
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unemployment Rate multiplied by 3.5 in the last forty years
The unemployment rate among French youth has been multiplied by 3.5 in the last forty years. Compared to other european countries, it ” lies in the mid-high ” : 24 % by 2016 for the least 25 years of age, is the 5e rank on 16 studied countries – after Greece, Spain, Italy and Portugal, but far ahead of Germany, the United Kingdom or the netherlands.
The activity rate of the 15-24 age group is also low : 4.5 points lower than the eu average in 2015. This phenomenon may be explained by a cumulative employment-studies bit important. At 15 %, it is increasing, but remains lower than in other european countries, notably Germany and the netherlands, where more young people are learning. This combination can have a positive effect on the integration while increasing the risk of failure university, nuance, however, is the report.
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The proportion of “NEET” (Not in Education, Employment or Training), these young people who are neither in employment, nor in education, nor in training is higher (15 %) in France than in the nordic countries and in Germany. Unlike other countries of the european Union, it has not declined since 2013. The young French are also ” surchômage “ important at the time of their entry into the labour market, which persists ” over a decade “. And 35 % are on temporary contracts.
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worsening Economic situation and cumulation of difficulties
” The difficulties of insertion of young people in the job are marked in all european countries by a surchômage. But, in addition to the fact that in France the situation on the labour market is generally degraded, which makes it more difficult for us, it is, for some, the accumulation of difficulties that constitute real barriers to entry (basic skills, mobility, health, housing, digital literacy…) “, explains Hélène Garner, director of the department of labour of France Strategy.
Among the devices facilitating the insertion, the learning is more efficient than the pathway school, in particular for the least educated, the report found. But with a downside, a failure rate of the contract high, of the order of 27 %.
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