disaster EgyptAir Airbus A320, which crashed Thursday in the Mediterranean raises once again the issue of monitoring of aircraft by satellite in real time, in non-swept radar zones .
the disaster EgyptAir Airbus A320, which crashed Thursday in the Mediterranean raises once again the issue of monitoring of aircraft by satellite in real time, in non-swept radar areas.
While the monitoring of real-time boats is mandatory since 1988 and that the aircraft are already sending data to the ground via the ACARS system, the surprise created for the first time in the history of civil aviation by the disappearance of the Malaysia Airlines Boeing in 2014 was weighted heavily to push the sector to take action.
Previously, it took two years to locate the wreck of the Rio-Paris Air France flight 447, which crashed at sea in June 2009, making 228 victims. The plane disappeared in an area not covered by radar, engulfed 3,900 meters deep and families had demanded improved locating aircraft lost at sea.
Although for Egyptair flight it only took one day to the Egyptian army to recover the debris first, the issue of monitoring of aircraft in real time is “legitimate,” said Friday the Secretary of State for Transport Alain Vidal.
“the French industry are closely involved, including large companies such as Thales,” said he said on France Info.
“A very advanced experimental work is underway,” he said, adding that engineers were testing a “satellite system positioned differently to track continuously the planes.” But such a system represents a cost for companies, while many are experiencing financial problems
-. A radius of 11 km –
At European level, a regulation was adopted in December 2015, to equip by the end of 2018 all had a real-time monitoring system. “The position of a public transport aircraft is expected to be known at all times, even in a remote area, to facilitate the location of the unit in case of abnormal operation, emergency or accident,” the statement said.
“We are currently developing the means of compliance with this regulation,” said AFP Dominique Fouda, Head of communication of the European Aviation safety Agency (EASA) .
in March, the Organization of internatonal civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has also announced the adoption of new standards, with an entry into force by 2021 to ensure that the place of an accident be known immediately, “within six nautical miles (11 km).”
All commercial aircraft will thus be equipped with “autonomous structures of distress monitoring, can transmit autonomously position information at least once per minute.”
“this is all discussed, as all these changes are subject to aeronautical certifications, it’s going to be validated,” said AFP a specialist in the aviation industry under cover of anonymity.
“In 2009, we proposed to transmit more data in real time after the crash of the Rio-Paris, but this posed satellite connection problems,” says the specialist. “We had to equip planes with satellite antenna devices and had to increase bandwidth, which means that the company must agree to defray the costs of connection.”
Even if satellite connections are cheaper today, the cost is still “not insignificant”, he said, the rating to “several thousand euros to scale theft” .
another debate exists on a recommendation of ICAO, which could result in the establishment of flight recorders (feedings boxes, Ed) ejection in case of impact. The device already exists on military aircraft but that debate, particularly on the ejection conditions. Airbus announced it would equip its A350, these ejection and floating black boxes