Christophe Aguiton activist in ATTAC teaches Marne-la-Vallée Universities and Paris-I Sorbonne on the theme “Internet and Society”. It analyzes the movement springs up Night, which he compares to those of indignados.
Are you surprised by the phenomenon night stand?
Yes and no. Yes, because like many movements, it was difficult to predict. But not for its shape, which is quite comparable to the movements that grew everywhere on the planet in the last five years: the Arab Spring in early 2011, followed by the Indignados in Spain, Occupy the USA and England, the Turkish movement in 2013 … the phenomenon standing night is part of this continuity, even if there are differences: it happens at night and there is no permanent occupation of public space, the At least not yet. But the mood is really the same.
What this is it new form of mobilization?
First, the fact that we are witnessing events that are rooted. We knew since the 90s that among the forms of protest, the street demonstration was taking hold everywhere. This was particularly the case in France in 1995 when next to the rail strike had developed the phenomenon of “Juppéthon”. The number of demonstrators was then a key element of the withdrawal of the Juppé plan
This feature was found in all the demonstrations that followed. Those against the First Employment Contract (CPE) in 2006, the movement against the pension reform in 2010. each time, the number of protesters was critical to the success of the movement, more than the strike or the factory occupation, as was the case in 1936 or 1968 . the importance of the event as a legitimate form of mobilization in France and in other countries, has therefore continued to grow. Add to this the fact that over the past five years, the demo takes root, with the occupation of public spaces
Second characteristic:. Direct democracy. In Spain, the M15 movement, or the Indignados, was also called the “movement for real democracy.” With this idea that instead of a system of delegation of power, where once every four, five, or six years it sends representatives sit in our place and make decisions, we can decide for ourselves in assemblies General, by a form of consensus, even if it may seem complicated to develop.
why this need, in addition to the street to protest, to continue to take root on a place?
Previously, the strike lasted until the satisfaction of the claims, or stopped due to exhaustion of the strikers. There is another form of strike. This is not to block the work, but to continue. Because the demonstration is unique in that it takes place once. It may be repeated and that is what is happening in this movement. But in addition to the demonstrations, what is important is to maintain continuity, characterized by the occupation of places.
So the occupancy of seats would be a piston ? go on strike
No, it’s another form of mobilization, but which is the same need: a continuity in the fight. This also reflects the fact that the strike is now harder to do for many employees, due to more fragmented collective labor, insecurity, different schedules, telework. But also because of the risk of dismissal, particularly deterrent in this time of high unemployment.
Basically, what triggered this movement?
the starting point was the law on labor, with the refusal of widespread insecurity. Because this law is built on the idea that by facilitating layoffs, we will promote hiring. So we still made out a little more, especially among young people, the idea that we will not end up finding a little bit secure and stable work, after years of fixed-term contracts and internships. Facilitating the dismissal, they say to the youth that precariousness is their permanent future, instead of hope, but certainly far palpable, to get a protective CDI.
But that ‘ is one of the causes. Today there is a triple failure of government policy with what was, until now, the values of the left. And this on a very short time, just a few months. In the social field, with the El Khomri law. On moral issues, with deprivation of nationality – a shock to many left – and the statements of Manuel Valls on refugees. And environmentally, finally, to the airport of Notre-Dame-des-Landes, where the government seems to want to push through a project that mobilized against him tens of thousands of people. It is this triple rupture that nurtured this mobilization.
On the form, the Internet played a role?
A very important role. With, of course, the incredible success of the online petition against the labor law (1.3 million signatures), but the YouTube channel “onvautmieuxqueça” seen by hundreds of thousands of people and where young people testified to their precarious every day.
comparison with the movement of Spanish indignados, who gave birth to the Podemos party is tempting …
the politicization of a social movement is something classic. We talk politics permanently. In this movement, we discuss the major problems – austerity, unemployment, refugees, environment – not only of El Khomri law. But not electoral way one talks little the next election. In Spain, it was the same. The Occupy movement has not led immediately to the creation of Podemos party. When it was launched, the Indignant already existed. Podemos was the second wave, different from the Indignados. In France, it is still in the first phase, that of the social movement. It is too early to predict the emergence of Podemos in French.