The dismantling of the Calais “Jungle” has not yet begun, but since a few days, the question of the post is in the minds of all. “How will we avoid that migrants come to Calais ?“, wondered, for example, this Saturday on France 3 Natacha Bouchart, the mayor of the city. “The government dream that, by destroying, this will solve the problem of migration, but this is a mistake : a good portion of the people that they’re going to come back, not to mention that there are always new arrivals, about 30 per day,” says François Guennoc, spokesperson of the Auberge des migrants. One resident of “the Jungle” summarizes the general sentiment : “I’m like S aint Thomas : I don’t think that what I see“.
The goal announced by the State for this dismantling is clear on the paper : that all migrants of Calais find a place in the Reception Centre and Orientation in the coming three days. Thursday, according to the Prefecture, will remain on an interim basis that the minor (a few thousand) that are hosted in containers in CAPE town (Temporary accommodation Centre). The camp of tents and barracks to be destroyed, and all the migrants will have to leave. The means (150 bus, 2000 people, of which 1250 police officers…) are enormous. The stake is political and humanitarian also. Bernard Cazeneuve, minister of the interior has defended the plan in the Voice of The North : “ I am convinced that almost all of the migrants will accept the humanitarian solution to shelter that we offer them, because for them, it is the shortest path to refugee status to which they belong and to a normal life, they aspired to after having fled wars and persecution. Nobody will remain on t he site in the long run, under the order issued Friday by the préfète of the Pas-de-Calais. ” “All migrants want to leave“, also said on France 3 Nord Pas-de-Calais Fabienne Buccio, préfète of the Pas-de-Calais. Optimism ?
Fabienne Buccio : “This is a humanitarian operation”
associations argue that a lot of Sudanese, Eritreans, Iraqis, Afghans… present in Calais will actually agree to take the bus. Some by resignation, others because they really want to stay in France. But still others will resist. Because they dream always of England, and Calais remains the point of passage. “They want to join their families, their children, their spouses“, states on Europe 1 Christian Salome, president of the Auberge des migrants. the Those are the choices : you either go in a holding centre, or you go hide in Calais.” a few days ago, it was even said that 40% of the migrants would be in this case. Pessimism ?
“Yes, part of the asylum-seekers do not ask better than to leave this place absolutely horrible, confirms François Guennoc. in Therefore, there will be certainly no problems on the first and on the second day. After, there will be those who are reluctant, and should be, in quotation marks, a little pushed by the police. It should be added that the most important reaction for the moment in the camp, it is the departure. It was lost about 2 000 people in three weeks.”
And what will happen to those who will be “irreducible” ? The Prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais, that no one wants to be as pessimistic as associations, is not too extensive on the topic that you feel very sensitive. Migrants who refuse to leave may be subject to a summons (but only at the end of the evacuation) and placed in the administrative detention centre. According to the authorities, there will be “no constraint on migrants” to force them to ride in cars, but those who refuse to leave the site to expose a “last resort” to this placement in the detention centre, often the anteroom of eviction.
And this is the biggest fear of some associations. They fear a man-hunt organised : “They will take refuge in abandoned houses, in factories, in ruins, in the woods, where the word “jungle”, it means “wood” in pashto (a language spoken in Afghanisan, editor’s note),” said Christian Salome. “When you destroy a camp, others reconstitute themselves after a few days or a few weeks. We are preparing“, said on Franceinfo François Guennoc, spokesperson of the Auberge des migrants. Tents, survival blankets have been prepared by the association to help those who do not wish to take the bus.
For associations, the evacuation of the Jungle, is very risky
For associations, the evacuation of the Jungle, is very risky on the eve of the dismantling and destruction of the Calais jungle, the associations are preparing for the worst. They call it volunteerism across France to help the migrants in reception centres often ill-prepared. The Auberge des Migrants
Posted by Jungle News on Sunday, October 23, 2016
the break-up definitive ?
The reasoning of the associations is based on a historical reality. For more than 15 years, the word “decommissioning” is often used in Calais. In December 2002, after 3 years of its opening, the hangar of Sangatte, transformed into a reception centre humanitarian, is evacuated so that it has 1500 refugees. The migrants are distributed in Calais, in squats, parks… Before the regroup at the end of the 2000s in the camps. In 2009, 3 camps in the wild are, in turn, dismantled, on the orders of Eric Besson, minister of immigration. No dismantling is not yet sustainably reduce the number of refugees, it is enough to observe the curve of the number of migrants in Calais since 1999. The rise is regular… in Spite of the dismantlement phase. This dismantling of October 2016 will it be really different from all the others ?
How to convince all the migrants of the Calais “jungle” to renounce England ? How to dry up the flow of people arriving in Calais ? How to avoid a dismantling does soon to another ? To these questions, the government’s plan does not provide for a direct response.
We know that teams of police officers will be in charge of patrolling in the Calaisis in the coming days to avoid the installation of migrants in camps in the wild or squats. A major issue in this case. Jean-François Gratien, 53 years old, a local resident of “the Jungle, has the same requirement that the government and hope that the police will ban “inthe new facilities for the migrants on the places : a tent, this will always be a tent too“.
The police will they be able to avoid the presence of migrants in a month, two months, three months… ? Has his way, Christian Salome of the Auberge des migrants summed up his position by referring to its future retiree voluntary associations : “After the break, our daily life will change a little : as long as there are wars, the influx of refugees to Calais, to continue…“. The government hopes to prove him wrong.