Not a speech, rather a “vision of France.” It is in these terms that the entourage of Nicolas Sarkozy presented the intervention as the party president has made Republicans Wednesday night at a public meeting in Saint-André-lez-Lille (Nord). No one took the field in the primary from the right. “Instead what he had done in Nîmes, a year before 2007,” says the team. On 9 May 2006, the Interior Minister, who was not yet officially entered the race for the Elysee, pronounced that today is considered the first speech of his first presidential campaign. So, exactly ten years later, Nicolas Sarkozy’s vision of the country she has changed? Yes, if we compare the two speeches.
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Symptomatic, certain words, repeated like mantras in the North, are absent in the 2006 text: the ” elite “that Nicolas Sarkozy opposes the” people “or” minorities “who impose their will. It was ten years ago, the only “minority” evoked the interior minister was “union” while today it comes to “students” to “zadistes”, the “thugs” to “Islamic radicals”. “Political correctness is tyranny of the minority,” he proclaims. In 2006, the same Nicolas Sarkozy nevertheless noted that “being populist, it is considered that the majority is right because it is the majority.” And he continued: “We who are popular, and we fight populism.”
In 2006, an authority that was not without tolerance
Of course, common traits persist between the two eras. When Nicolas Sarkozy said in 2016 that “the people want that there are no rights without duties”, the same required “of those who demand equal rights (…) equality duties!” ten years before. Today, the opposition leader believes that the “policy of the Nation will devote the restoration of the authority.” In 2006, the Minister of the Interior of the time already concluded: “We must restore the authority.” But added: “and be tolerant.” A good concept absent from the speech of Saint-André-lez-Lille.
While Nicolas Sarkozy said he did not accept “that the Muslim French are stigmatized, amalgamated” but he quotes at the same time “immigration and Islam” as that which “allowed the awakening of national consciousness “against political correctness. “We need to urgently establish the rules of a new Islam of France, otherwise our company will run great risk of confrontation”, puts it on hold.
A “communitarianism” that changed the face
In 2006, neither the word “Islam” nor “Muslim” was included in the text. “In 1950, France was Catholic, statist and centralized. It is now secularized European and decentralized. In 1950, she was monocultural, it is multicultural today,” enthused it then. Now Nicolas Sarkozy “sees” the communitarian action and multicultural society “” a powerful relay “from the” dark side “of May 68.
Ten years ago, Nicolas Sarkozy believed that “the threat communitarian fallback” “when the state is not involved in the suburbs, when he underestimates discrimination when it leaves the uncontrolled immigration, when it meets basements and garages for the exercise of worship, when he prefers civil peace to the fight against gangs, when the state does not protect girls in cities, when it does not guarantee certain rights it recognizes to all. “in short, communitarianism even if it were multifactorial, was primarily introduced as a consequence of the lack of consideration of public power.
Nicolas Sarkozy would even say “supporter of affirmative action, which is basically that substantive equality, the other name of republican voluntarism “. Ten years later, the perspective is reversed. Nicolas Sarkozy slays the same vision of the “elite” to which “the nation comes down to more or less harmonious juxtaposition of communities recognized in their individual rights.”
“immigrant Son” in 2006, “French” and “Christian” in 2016
The shift is even felt in Nicolas’s way Sarkozy to attend personally. In 2006, he was a “son of immigrants who received at birth in France as a gift” and said he knew “what it means to take shares a story that is not that of his ancestors.” Now the leader of the right said, “I’m French.” It’s the same with these words he began his speech. “I am a Christian,” says one who defines France as a “country born of the baptism of Clovis there are more than 1,500 years.”
But if his definition of France has changed, the goals of Nicolas Sarkozy remain the same. “These French humiliated by a line that never stopped to apologize not to be left and which have stalled despite the National Front, I want to convince them to return to the Republican fold”, he said he in Nimes in 2006. “I will never accept any complacency with leaders of the National Front and their ideology, asserts he still ten years later. There is a red line that can not be crossed.” By his own admission, is not part of speech that was the most applauded by the audience.