“My intention is to continue with the utmost determination” dismantling “in stages” of this camp dubbed the “Jungle” in Calais, the southern part has been emptied in March, said the French Minister Interior Bernard Cazeneuve before a visit to the port city.
the state has stepped up voluntary redundancy by creating by the end of the year some 8000 places in various care facilities for ” unclog Calais, “he added in an interview with the local North Coast daily.
Nearly 7,000 people, according to the authorities, 9000 for associations, currently crammed into the” Jungle ” , an unprecedented figure since its inception in the spring of 2015, an increase of 50% compared to June. Among them are 900 unaccompanied minors, the youngest of whom was only ten years, according to the association France Terre d’Asile.
The inflow recorded this summer is particularly linked to new arrivals via Italy and now systematic dismantling of the Parisian informal settlements, pushing migrants to move on.
Originally both Afghanistan than in Sudan or Iraq, they arrive in northern France in the hope of crossing the Channel and join Britain, seen as an Eldorado.
Since the dismantling of the southern part of the “Jungle”, using bulldozers, migrants are confined to a very small space, and that promiscuity increases the tensions between them.
this summer, two migrants died in unprecedented deadly brawls. Tuesday again, two others were seriously injured in a probable confrontation between Sudanese and Afghans.
Reinforcement of police and gendarmes
The intrusions almost daily on port ring road, near the “Jungle” of those who want to try to slip in trucks en route to the UK, cause otherwise repeated clashes with the police.
Bernard Cazeneuve will announce Friday a reinforcement of 200 police and gendarmes, bringing the number of police present locally in 2100, an unprecedented figure.
the local population, she is on edge. “For retailers, there is such desperation … It is not antimigrants but we feel abandoned,” said AFP Antoine Ravisse, president of a local association.
“One does not sleep for six months because of migrants crossing our properties,” says his side Xavier Foissey, representative of farmers, with road and traders, has planned to protest on Monday to demand the dismantling of the ” jungle “.
Sharing their fatigue, the mayor of Calais, Natacha Bouchart right of the opposition Republicans, strongly criticized the announcement of an evacuation” in stages “, regretting that the process takes “several months,” she launched on Europe 1 radio.
“the dismantling is not a solution”
“the situation in Calais is unbearable for all: migrants, police, local residents,” agrees Frank ESNEE the NGO Doctors without borders (MSF). “But the break is not a solution, the solution is the gradual accommodation of migrants and their support towards asylum by more interpreters.”
This also established bilateral frictions . Under an agreement between France and the United Kingdom signed in 2003 in Le Touquet (France), the first immigration controls take place in the country of departure, which drags the French border side.
Since the British vote for a release of the EU, several French politicians, including former President Nicolas Sarkozy, who himself had signed the agreement, wish to return to the text.
But the French government is not on the line. Tuesday, Bernard Cazeneuve received his counterpart Amber Rudd and the two leaders reiterated their desire to “pursue” their “close cooperation” on the Calais file