VIDEO – The mayor Anne Hidalgo Tuesday detailed the project “Refugee Camp” in the capital, including parallel. The first, located in northern Paris, will open in the coming weeks. The second, in Ivry-sur-Seine, the end of 2016.
Ending informal camps. The reasons for opening a center for refugees in Paris are clear. This structure, divided into two sites, was detailed Tuesday by Mayor Anne Hidalgo after an announcement on May 31 “This is a humanitarian responsibility of the city. We must invent new reception arrangements to remedy the saturation current situation, “she said. After work begun in late June, the first camp in the north of Paris, were to emerge this summer and September. Finally, it is mid-October 2016 it will open. “These transit camps, an alternative to street camps,” says the Le Figaro Dominique Versini, Deputy Mayor for Solidarity.
● Two separate sites
The first site is located in northern Paris, near the Porte de la Chapelle, at 70, boulevard Ney in the eighteenth arrondissement. It will be dedicated solely to men and will soon mid-October 400 beds, then quickly 600. The structure will be managed by a hundred Emmaus Solidarity employees. This place was chosen because close to the majority of street camps. Indeed, 24 of the 26 operations sheltering since June 2015 were carried out in the 18th. The street artist JR will be responsible for beautifying the area.
The second site will be based in him Ivry-sur-Seine (Val-de-Marne), in the old waterworks at southeast of Paris. It will be for “fragile public”: only women with children or families. 350 places will be offered. Its opening is scheduled for “late December” reveals the assistant Dominique Versini. “It is not excluded that there are other open camps,” she said. “The sites are temporary sites which must accommodate two to four years in other projects” and “it will release” forward, but warned Anne Hidalgo Tuesday.
● Temporary accommodation
To the north of Paris, a host cell will be installed in an inflatable bubble out of the building and open from 8 to 20 hours. It will enable a pre-assessment by social workers to Emmaus and the French Office for Immigration and Integration (OFII). They will also have an information mission of identifying the most vulnerable. A “health point” allow the Samu social conduct a nursing diagnosis, including psychological. Accommodation will be in the concrete building, divided into eight blocks, with prefabricated wooden rooms of four. Each will have a bed, a wardrobe and an electrical outlet to plug in the laptop. The center will also offer laundry, showers, but no kitchen: meals will be distributed three times a day. Access will be conditioned to the presentation of a name card with a photograph.
The migrants are destined to remain “five to ten days” in the center, said Anne Hidalgo, before being directed according to their personal situation: asylum seekers Cada, eligible migrants asylum, refugees in dedicated housing. Those who will not or can not apply for asylum will leave the care system. This requires knowledge of the administrative situation of each, which will be possible in device output, the municipality has asked the unconditional acceptance as a principle at the entrance. The Protocol laying down the procedures to be signed between the State services and the city in the coming days.
During the announcement of the project May 31, Anne Hidalgo explained that the site “will draw (it) of what (Vait) was done in Grande-Synthe” in the North , created by Doctors without borders. Her assistant Dominique Versini added that the town was “also the German model, including Munich and Saarbrücken camps.”
● Remove street camps
“Our country must remain a place of asylum. This is an unconditional duty of the Republic “, assured the Minister of Housing Emmanuelle Cosse Tuesday. Since June 2015, the city of Paris, in partnership with State services and associations, has sheltered nearly 15,700 refugees. 11,000 of them are still in the shelter. A total of 80,000 asylum applications were made in France last year, 41% in the Ile-de-France. The proliferation of illegal camps, outdoor, pushed for the creation of a structure complying with international standards of the UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and the UN. According to Dominique Versini, “every day, fifty migrants arrive in Paris. It made the world and it goes very fast. ”
In late July, one of them, with more than 2,500 people had been evacuated. Same for three other camps in the 19th arrondissement, in mid-August. But sometimes some are recovering. As in the subway Stalingrad evacuated three times or avenue of Flanders in the 19th. “These camps are becoming bigger, must each time find more places. This type of intervention is no longer suitable, “admits Anne Hidalgo.
● What funding?
The investment on the Parisian center is 6.5 million, 80% financed by the City and 20% by the state. For operation, it expects 8.6 million euros annually, of which 7.24 million for the State: this corresponds to a cost of 40 euros per day per person. In total the state will spend “at least 15 million euros in full year” in the project, according Emmanuelle Cosse. In July, the government announced its commitment to the creation of these initial reception centers. “This is a state authority to take over the sheltering of people in the street”, said Anne Hidalgo in May. “So we hope it ‘joins the project and, if it does not, we will continue to act alone.”
On the side of the opposition, the project had been strongly criticized, especially by Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet. “It’s a new Sangatte in Paris and we saw what it gave. Create a transit center is to create a place of attachment is to create an intake of air. “Even viewpoint of the National Front side. “Install these camps is an incentive for economic and sustainable immigration than ten million French poor can no longer accept,” defended Wallerand de Saint Just, former candidate for municipal in Paris.