The deputies have adopted, by 288 votes to 32, the bill to extend until 15 July 2017 this regime of exception.
mps have passed by 288 votes, 32 against, and five abstentions – on the night of Tuesday 13 to Wednesday 14 December the bill which will extend for the fifth time the state of emergency. The exception regime is extended for a period of seven months, until July 15, 2017.
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This extension should be voted consistent with Thursday in the Senate to avoid the automatic interruption of the device on the 22nd of December, fifteen days after the resignation of the government Valls. France will see its longest period of state of emergency-uninterrupted – 20 months – since the inception of this plan except during the war in Algeria.
The very large part of the majority and of the opposition voted for it. Only mps left Front, environmentalists protesters and a handful of deputies The Republicans voted against the bill.
Hardened by the Parliament for a year, the regime of state of emergency allows house arrest, house searches, administrative bans on processions, identity checks and searches of baggage and vehicles, closure of meeting places…
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The extension until July 15, will “straddle” the presidential election of April-may and the parliamentary elections in June in order to allow the care to a new government to decide – or not – of an output of this device. The bill states that such an extension will not be interrupted by the resignation of the executive following the elections.
context increases the risk
The new interior minister Bruno Le Roux emphasized in prior to the vote that ” still hangs over France a terrorist risk to an extremely high level “. Since the last extension decided shortly after the bombing in Nice, July 14, 2016, ” no fewer than 13 attacks, involving about thirty individuals ” have been thwarted, he pleaded.
With multiple public gatherings, the successor of Bernard Cazeneuve argued that the electoral period in which between the country increases the threat of passage to the act.
given this context, argued the new president of the socialist group in the Assembly, Olivier Faure, ” if the worst happened after a strike prior of the state of emergency, it would necessarily be exploited by the far right to call for a regime change “.
Given the tight schedule, the group republicans did not seek to harden the text as in July. He will reserve his amendments ” to re-arm the nation “, according to the deputy of Yonne Guillaume Larrivé, for the last bill’s safe quinquennium modifying the rules of self-defense for the forces of the order, which will be debated in January.
” Remain an instrument of emergency “
A handful of mps LR did not support the extension, as Pierre Lellouche, for which ” the state of emergency has not helped to prevent terrorist attacks “. But, the main objection to the bill came from the deputies left Front, environmentalists, non-registered or ex-PS.
The ecologist Cécile Duflot has lamented ” a form of resignation and habit to discuss such exceptional measures “, asking ” what government will dare to put an end to this state of emergency “ and in which ” hands “ it at risk of falling. the ” The regime must remain an instrument of emergency. Our arsenal of anti-terrorism is enough “, she said the left Front of André Chassaigne.
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These elected officials rely in particular on the advice of the Council of State, which, despite its green light to the text, recalled that ” the threats are long-lasting or permanent, must be treated, within the framework of the rule of law, by instruments in permanent fight against terrorism, such as those from the adopted laws in the past two years “.
Ex-speaker of the commission of inquiry on post-attacks in 2015, Sébastien Pietrasanta (PS) has expressed its reservations. the ” Lift the state of emergency is not a disarmament of the State’s response to terrorism “, which will be the ” combat for at least a generation “, he launched. The radical left Stéphane Saint-André, has, like others, wished that ” this extension is the last “.
Length of residency
The only incident of the evening was concerned, the amendment introduced by the draft law for the residency, up here not limited in time, which could lead to ” a term is excessive in relation to the freedom to go and to come “, according to the Council of State. In committee, members were limited to a maximum of 12 months with prolongation possible of three months upon the decision of the highest administrative court of france.
during the meeting, they are first in revenues, after a close vote on the initiative of Guillaume Larrivé, the initial version of the government, which proposed to limit the summons to ” 15 consecutive months in the absence of new evidence “.
But the president of the commission of the laws, Dominique Raimbourg (PS), has requested a second vote on this amendment, calling into question ” the crest line between the protection of civil liberties and effectiveness of the state of emergency “ and already ” the subject of discussions with the Senate “ majority of the right.
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Confusion and anger of the opposition, who shouted out in the chamber ” denial of democracy “ and ” amateur “ of the minister, who was surrendered to the wisdom of the Assembly. The text is, however, reverted to the version of the commission.