<- Hard dé e: 0.022371053695679 sec -> This output, no one really saw it coming. Thursday night, during his first meeting since announcing his return to Lambeth (North) after promising to introduce primary right and thrashed François Hollande, Nicolas Sarkozy has bifurcated the issue of the number of Senators and Members France, too important to him.
Having certified that “all these years, we increased our number of parliamentarians”, he felt the need to reduce the number “and give them a weight, a word, a central role,” criticizing the way a “bloated assembly.”
bloated, really? France has she really a lot of people’s representatives? In absolute terms, the presidential candidate of the UMP is not wrong. The France now has 577 deputies and 348 senators, a total of 925 MPs, a number never reached under the Fifth Republic *. On the other hand, Nicolas Sarkozy is right when he says that their number grew in recent years. Senators climbed steadily from 322 to 348 in 10 years, thanks to an organic law of 2003
But if we compare these data with respect to changes in the population, we realize rather in relative terms, the number of parliamentarians has been falling since the beginning of the Fifth Republic, whether MPs or senators. This is proved by the chart below, made from compiled data sites Senate, National Assembly and the National Institute of Statistics (INSEE). In 1964, there was one for every 176,277 French and one deputy for 100,207 French . Be a Member of Parliament 63,889 French. 50 years later, the country has 17.5 million inhabitants and more. Result, in 2014, is a senator for 189,080 French and one member counts for 114,038 French. Or for a parliamentary 71,135 French.
Breaks curves correspond to different introduced reforms to increase the number of parliamentarians. This was the case for example in 1976 for senators, went from 283 to 316 in the Luxembourg Palace. A reform that was based on the census figures of 1975 The last time the ranks of the members have grown, it was in 1986, from 491 to 577, but each time the number of representatives was reviewed, it has only slightly offset the increase in population.
How is France compared to the rest of Europe? Rather, it considered a good student in the classroom, if we consider that we should not have too many representatives of the people in relation to population. As the chart below created from the 2013 figures shows France is third in the EU, behind Germany and Spain. This classification is to read carefully because, traditionally, less the country’s population, the greater the proportion of elected officials. This explains why Cyprus, Estonia, Malta and Luxembourg the rear. But France did better than countries with similar populations, such as Italy and the UK.
DOCUMENT. Data on changes in the number of MPs compared to the French population
DOCUMENT. Data for comparison with the rest of Europe
* The graphs begin after the independence of Algeria, since the number of parliamentarians and the perimeter the French population were completely shocked at that time.
VIDEO. Sarkozy wants to reduce the number of parliamentary