Joue-les-Tours, Dijon, Nantes … On these three attacks, one is presented as a “terrorism case” by the authorities: that of the police station in Joue-les-Tours, 20 December. For the other two, Dijon and Nantes, the procedure is the same: a vehicle deliberately rushes into the crowd. And “Allahu akbar” was delivered in two cases. Otherwise, these bloody attacks show only few common points.
If Manuel Valls told “understand the strong and legitimate concerns” of the French Prime Minister assured Tuesday 23 December there was “no connection” between these attacks. For every indication that these three news items have no links between them and it is only a combination of circumstances. Here’s why
Attacks by Islamist terrorism related. Not
Joue-les-Tours, the action of the young Burundians who hurt knife three policemen at the police station before being shot is charged with terrorism and Islamism. The man converted to Islam three years ago, would have cried “Allahu akbar” before you take action. In the case of Dijon, the authorities refuse to talk about terrorism and evoke “ is the unbalanced” , recalling that the drunk driver has done “157 psychiatric passages between 2001 and 2014″ . The man suffers from “old and heavy psychiatric pathology” made “mystical delirium”. “To give me courage, I shouted ‘Alla hou Akbar’ to annihilate all critical” , he told investigators. The qualification of “terrorist enterprise is not restraint” . In Na ntes, the man who drove into the Christmas market public has given “about any connotation religious “ and apparently had no psychiatric history. But his behavior had become “unstable” for several months, according to the prosecutor of the Republic.
Difficult thus linking the three attacks. The terrorist track is preferred that in the case of that of Joue-les-Tours. René-Georges Querry to former Inspector General of Police and former head of the coordination of counter-terrorism unit, Manuel Valls was right when ensures that there is “no connection” between the three cases. “I do not think we can now make up an investigation and hide the facts to the public he said 20 Minutes.fr. Dozens of people working on these cases. To lie, it would be able to obtain the silence of many people. It is impossible. “
According to Jean-Pierre Bouchard, a psychologist and criminologist, “there (…) three different patterns from three different mobile and three different stories, even if we can find some common ground: the role of a religious ideology embryo in the attack committed in a police station in Joue-les-Tours and to a lesser extent, the one at Dijon, and a similar procedure Dijon and Nantes “, he told AFP. The expert also believes that “the perpetrators of the attacks of Dijon and Nantes have not acted for the same reasons” , noting that the man of Nantes “have wanted to commit suicide in a last stand, pouncing in the crowd “.
The phenomenon of mimicry: not impossible
In the attack at Dijon, the assailant, who delivered a “Allahu akbar” was not aware of the assault of the three officers at the police station Joue-les-Tour, according to prosecutors. Does he suspect of Nantes, he wanted to copy the attack Dijon? The investigation will determine the . At present, nothing suggests, but experts do not rule out completely that argument. “The hypermediatisation Dijon could influence a kind of mimicry” says psychiatrist Roland Coutanceau Paris (Article paying) .
“Mimicry is a way of exist “, says Gerard Lopez, psychiatrist and founder of the Institute of Victimology in Paris, told The Express.fr. “There was a hype around Dijon drama is involved and we all were not stopped talking about. All this can encourage impulse that have a fragile personality may be tempted to jump. not, it can even become an epidemic, “ A position that is not shared by Roland Coutanceau: “. Caution should be exercised on a comparison of Business And let us not worry, media coverage d. an act extraordinary epidemic has no effect. That said, we can not exclude that the broadcast loop of such an act in the media act as an excitation vector, an additional ingredient that would have decided to act as a catalyst for its determination “
The law of the series:.. it does not exist
In terms of various facts, is often cited, wrongly, the law of series. One should speak of coincidence and probabilities that are more or less similar events occur close together in time. The examples are numerous: the plane crashes in 2005, train accidents during the summer of 2013, new plane crashes in the summer of 2014 … It also evokes sometimes when the circumstances of the facts are similar : forgotten children by their parents in cars, dangerous dog attacks, etc. The law probability explains these temporal coincidences: X there risks such event occurring at time T.
When drama is revealed, the media and the public tend to focus more on the event. If it happens again, it will tend to say “misfortunes never come singly” . But it is only a resiliency that attracts our attention and makes us more receptive to the event. “ [In] Repeat this process comes a sense of purpose: by equating two occurrences, linking two facts, it raises from nothing a law of series or a form of fatality which gives a far greater significance to insignificant event in itself “, explain and Marc Annik Dubied beds in The Fact different (ed. PUF, 1999). In other words, we create a form of coherence between facts that are not.On the same subject