In its first activity report, unveiled Tuesday morning, the national control Commission for technical intelligence (CNCTR) estimates that 47% of those monitored were in folders, terrorists, and 29% under the “fight against organised crime” and “prevention of collective violence”.
Between 3 October 2015 and October 2, some 20.282 people have been touted by the French. By unveiling Tuesday morning-its first activity report, the national control Commission for technical intelligence (CNCTR) assessed the number of men and women who have been the subject of surveillance. This is achieved by the use of the technique is the least intrusive, namely, the obtaining of “fadettes” (billing details) of the person being targeted up to a more heavy, such as the sound system or the installation of video facilities in the homes through the interception of security, geolocation, real-time access to data connection” or the employment – yet parsimonious – “Imsi catchers” for the siphon to a distance from the connection data of mobile phones.
The algorithms, that is to say, the “black box” both challenged and supposed to provide a collection of massive data, should be implemented as next spring. “For the time being, they have not been able to be put in place for reasons of technical means”, says the CNCTR.
47% in the radar of counter-terrorism
The number of those who have “been the subject of a technical intelligence at least”, the report of the CNCTR reveals that “9624 people, or 47% of the total, have been monitored under the prevention of terrorism” and as 5848 other, or 29% of the total, have been targeted in cases of the fight against organised crime, as well as “the prevention of collective violence likely to cause serious harm to the public peace”.
The CNCTR, that is said to be “particularly vigilant on this point”, considers that “this purpose cannot be interpreted as allowing the penetration of a workplace trade union or political or limitation of the constitutional right to express opinions, including extreme, as the risk of a serious breach of the public peace is not proven.” Many observers saw in it a provision for the zadistes but also the no-borders, the black blocks or the hooligans.
The other 24% of persons in the radar of services, be they French or foreign, have been suspected of violating “the national independence, territorial integrity and national defence”, of industrial espionage, or even to be related to the “proliferation of weapons of mass destruction”.
8538 opinion on requests for interception of security
The approach, quite unique in the panorama of hushed spying, does “no point of comparison with foreign countries,” says the councillor of State Francis Delon, president of the CNCTR which, as an aside, she says that it is “not particularly surprised” by the figure.
This independent body, which has a budget of 2.9 million euros, checks the validity of the techniques used by the services located in the “first circle” of intelligence, among which are the DGSE, ISB, Tracfin or the military intelligence Directorate (DRM) but also the twenty strcutures classified in the second circle (including the central intelligence territorial (LSVCC) or the sub-department of anticipatory operational (LOTRO) of the gendarmerie).
Since October 3, 2015, CNCTR has made 8538 opinions on requests of security interceptions, against 7703 the previous year. The number of geo-locations in real time has jumped by 87% to reach 2127 applications in 2016. Observing in its report that “the prevention of terrorism has, for the first time, been the legal basis for the more frequently invoked”, CNCTR is, however, no explosion of monitoring related to the islamist threat.
Composed of nine “wise men” – four senior judges, four mps and an expert in Telecoms – and a secretariat of 17 people, including two engineers, it met in a collegial fashion 180 times at a rate of three times per week to discuss individual cases and conduct records of the funds. At the end of the exams, CNCTR has retoqué 6.9% of the requests. A figure attributable according to Francis Delon in a “learning phase services will gradually adapt the doctrine in place.”