Monday, August 29, 2016

Back 2016: that will teach students this year? – Europe1

“The responses to the terrorist threat also go through the contents of the school. It is the knowledge and the Barbarity”, launched Monday morning Najat Belkacem-Vallaud during its reentry press conference. This September 2016, “the school’s content” mentioned by the Minister facelift. school reform, curriculum reform, numerically, citizenship education … The academic year 2016-2017, which starts Thursday, will not be like the previous one, despite the reluctance of many teachers. “We changed a lot of things. It’s not easy, I understand the reluctance,” says the Minister of Education, referring to the one-day strike against the reform of colleges scheduled for September 8.

& gt; & gt; What are these changes? That will teach students this year? Europe takes stock 1

It was she who crystallized the tensions. Reform school will apply in almost all institutions by 1 September. According to the Minister of Education, less than 10% of establishments are resisting. These will be “accompanied” throughout the year for the reform comes into effect, she assures Monday. Main change planned by the text: the institutions have 20% more runtime, to implement new teaching called “multidisciplinary” and programs ” ‘personalized cover”.

Interdisciplinary practical lessons, so-called “EPI”, created from the fifth, must therefore “make sense” to learning, “contextualize” the knowledge and promote the work in Group. The projects, supported by teachers of all subjects will be enrolled in school and evaluated patent programs. Eight themes provide a framework for these interdisciplinary modules: “sustainable development”, “Science and Society”, “body, health and safety,” “information, communication, citizenship”, “culture and artistic creation”, “economic and professional” “languages ​​and cultures of antiquity”, “regional languages ​​and cultures and foreign”.

clearly, the 5th to 3rd, students must choose at least two of the eight modules. At least two hours a week will be devoted to these two courses. In each module, teachers will have to establish a course grouping several traditional materials. In college Lucie and Raymond Aubrac, in Paris, will offer a module for example the 3rd of students to create a video game, a course in mixing history, technology, music, visual arts or French. 4th, students will reconstruct a trial to apply their knowledge of history, French and plastic arts, we learn the JDD.

The reform also provides more personalized support for students . In the sixth, students can benefit from a three hours a week aimed at bridging the gaps, to address issues of methodologies to advance their personal work etc. 5th students, 4th and 3rd will be entitled to one or two hours. Who will these support hours? What will be the content? The question to be decided case by case by the teachers and school management.

Finally, the reform provides several changes in language teaching . Learning a second foreign language will be advanced in fifth. European sections of the college and bilangues classes (two foreign languages ​​from 6th), meanwhile, will disappear. The Latin and Greek options as they exist today in college are also deleted. But they are replaced by an “interdisciplinary teaching practice” (PPE) on the languages ​​and cultures of antiquity, that students can choose from the 5th. Facing the frond of Classics teachers, “further education” (one hour in fifth, two hours 4th and 3rd) of Latin and Greek was also set up. Finally, if a student learns a language other than English in LV1, it can start as early as the 6th English in LV2.

How many hours of math, French, history. . face of all these upheavals, what place is left for compulsory courses? French, math, history and geography, languages, SVT, physics and chemistry, techno, EPS, plastic arts and music will benefit a total of 26 hours per week (4.5 hours for math and as for the French, for example). Is it more or less hours than before the reform? The answer is unclear.

Previously, no time was really fixed. According to the government, mandatory lessons already enjoyed 26 hours a week before the reform, and it does not reduce their hourly volume. But for opponents of reform, these 26 hours were a floor length, often exceeded by teachers to complete the program. Clearly, according to opponents, the establishment of PPE and accompanying hours just nibble the course of time the mandatory teachings. For the government, on the contrary, the reform comes calibrate and organize lessons, without removing or adding time courses.

College students are not the only ones upset to see their programs. CP in the third, the programs are changed from this autumn

First change size. the ratings now make on cycles of three years , to better adapt to the pace of each student. One child EC1 who do not will master the multiplication will completely and switch to CE2. He will have more time to catch up.

This reform program is primarily aimed at “ master the fundamentals ,” says the minister. Therefore, the focus will be on math, reading and writing. How? “The pedagogy of repetition and daily training is at the heart of these new programs,” explains the Ministry of Education on its website. “Thus, to ensure the mastery of language, the French schedules are reinforced (beyond the 10 hours of weekly French, 10 hours are devoted to the daily activities of speaking, reading and writing). the new programs include daily paperwork, daily reading activities and daily mental math exercises, “the ministry.

learning a LV1 finally, will be from the PC.

from this autumn, a quarter of colleges and schools come “fully” in the digital plan, the deployment will continue for the 2017 revenues and 2018, ensures the Ministry. From primary school to the end, the digital therefore will appear in the programs of the institutions concerned. The computer code will be taught from the 5th. And media education and information will be expanded. To accompany the program, 25% of Grade 5 students will also be equipped with digital tablet as early as this fall. A figure brought widespread.

The “mobilization plan of the School for the values ​​of the Republic”, initiated after the attacks in January 2015 finally continues to grow this year (details here). Objective: To train students for citizenship in a burning background of terrorist threat. The executive also wants to increase the mobilization for the “Day of secularism”, in place since last year December 9, the anniversary of the adoption of the Law of 1905. The 5400 “reservists of Education “hitherto little stressed, will also be further mobilized to educate students for citizenship.

the Council of the schoolgirl life, a forum that allows students to get involved in the life of establishment, is now widespread. The training of personnel of National Education to secularism will be “amplified” still promises the minister. Finally, in 2017, a “citizen book” will be given to each student at the end of schooling. It “will involve the founding texts of their civic life all forms of commitment they have taken.”


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