Friday, May 27, 2016

Arabic, a language “community”? It’s mostly a forgotten area of ​​the school – The World

Arabic learning book presented at the show  Expolangues in 2006.

“We will never agree, madam! “ The education minister Najat Vallaud-Belkacem curtly replied Wednesday, May 25 at the intervention of Annie Genevard during question time in the Assembly. MP Republicans Doubs claimed that the introduction of the Arabic language in the curriculum, while “ancient languages ​​that are our roots or European languages ​​like German” see their reduced teaching “divide [it] the French” and encourage communalism.

What she told

“The emergency order that our culture to be better shared, asserts with his lifestyle, history and language. Do not you believe that the introduction of the Community languages ​​in the curriculum will encourage communalism that undermines national cohesion? “

Why this is false

  • The Arabic is not a “community language”

The Arab is not a simple dialect or a minority language. It is the official language of 26 countries, in Africa and in the Arabian Peninsula, or 430 million inhabitants. It is taught in France at the National Institute of Oriental Languages ​​and Civilizations (Inalco) since 1795. The Arab aggregation was created in 1905.

The practice of written Arabic was then encouraged to facilitate trade and diplomatic exchanges with the Arab world. But decolonization and the influx of North Africans in France since the 1960s has changed the profile of the speakers. The Arab then became the language of origin of immigrant populations, like Portuguese or Italian. And it is in this capacity that it has been integrated into the education system language and culture of origin (ELCO)

The survey:. Arabic the ban of the school

  • the teaching of native languages ​​is being reformed

ELCO, created by an EU directive of 1977, promote the academic success of children of migrants in structuring and valuing their native language. Course 1: 30 pm to 3 hours per week are taught outside school hours to students, CE1 in high school, but especially primary by teachers made available by nine countries: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Serbia, Croatia. In 2012, Arabic was taught to 57,000 students (about 92,000).

But critics amounted on the quality and control of these teachings. A report of the High Council for Integration evoked the risk of “drift” communitarianism, or even “Islamic catechism” about the teaching of Turkish, as highlighted Annie Genevard MP.

However, the Ministry of education will end this system ELCO over three years from the fall 2016, transforming them into foreign languages ​​in their own right. Courses reinstated to school time and open to all. “Learning Arabic, Turkish or Portuguese must be in a school setting, trivialized, normalized, like all other languages” says Najat Vallaud-Belkacem. But that’s not really the case today

Read also:. The teachings of native languages ​​will disappear

  • the teaching of Arabic in France remains very insufficient

If for some languages ​​such as Spanish, the system had really become ELCO marginal compared to the classical modern language teaching is far from the case today for Arabic.

in primary schools, Arabic is less than 0, 1% of initiations languages, far behind English (95%) and German.

in 2015, 4212 students were taking Arabic classes in college and 6,234 high school. This represents 0.2% of foreign language teaching, less than Chinese or Russian.

The National Education also states that Arabic will have its place in the international sections, bilingual devices incorporating both french and foreign students. But only 2 of the 88 sections of the primary are bilingual, 6 of 141 college and 3 of 139 in high school.

As stressed two teachers Dichy Joseph and Pierre-Louis Reymond, author of an article in Le Monde in 2014, much of the Arabic teachers do not hold. The Arab Capes has also not been opened in 2014 and has recruited 4 people in 2015

The tribune. “It is time to bring education the Arab Republic to the school of “

as a result, parents who want their child to learn Arabic must turn to the voluntary sector, mosques or community institutions. Hard to get an exact figure, but it is estimated that at least 65 000 children, or even much more, visit these structures that national education has no control. It is rather the lack of teaching of Arabic by the State which creates a risk of communalism.


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