The responsibility of States engaged. conditions of “catastrophic” survival for civilians to areas of conflict and answers “outrageous and ineffective” of the international community to this tragedy. These are bleak conclusions drawn by the NGO Amnesty International in its 2014 annual report, published in the night from Tuesday to Wednesday.
The conclusion: a bad year
15 million displaced civilians in 2014 . The reason for this scaremongering? A year without a doubt very busy in conflict, Syria in Nigeria through the Gaza Strip and Ukraine, “millions of civilians killed,” 15 other displaced or “probably the largest number of refugees since the Second World War II, “according to Salil Shetty, Secretary General of the organization, which has not spared the States. “World leaders have failed miserably to protect the poor,” he insisted at a press conference held in London
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The withdrawal of the veto in the Security Council at the UN. In addition to the States, the UN and its main decision-making body, the Security Council also openly criticized “the five permanent members (the United States, Britain, France, China, Russia, Editor’s note ) have, in our opinion, consistently abused power and the veto privileges to promote their own political or geopolitical interests over the protection of civilians “
The recommendations are clear. Amnesty a better defense of civil worldwide require to give the veto of the permanent members of the council. The NGO proposes in this context the adoption of a “code of conduct by which the members of the Security Council decide to voluntarily relinquish use their veto to block the action of the Security Council in cases of genocide , war crimes or crimes against humanity. ”
Philip Luther, director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty, such a waiver would have allowed, for example, the International Criminal Court to prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity in Syria.
The ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty. Apart from this proposal, the organization asks to stop the flood of weapons in countries they fall into the hands of armed groups, including urging all states to ratify the treaty on the arms trade took effect in 2014. Finally, Amnesty is not optimistic about the prospects for human rights in 2015, providing more and more civilians are forced to live under the control of brutal armed groups and a worsening humanitarian refugee crisis
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